科技巨头在互联网上的主导地位以及用户数据用于未知目的的行为描绘了一个黯淡的未来。但在这种模糊不清的情况下,伟大的计算机科学家 Gavin Wood 博士的新兴想法,Web 3.0,重新燃起了对一个没有统治和控制的世界的希望。

在 Yard Coach 网站的以下文章中,我们讨论了 Web 3.0 在互联网未来的位置以及投资该领域的重要性。

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Web 3.0 互联网世界的巨大变化

当前的互联网被认为是失败的设计;这就是为什么七年前,Polkadot 联合创始人、以太坊联合创始人 Gavin Wood 博士介绍了 Web 3.0 的概念。

Web 3.0 可以被认为是互联网技术的下一个重要步骤。

Gavin Wood 设想的互联网没有中间商和由民主社会管理的许可证,没有集中的监管立法和大型科技巨头对用户数据的支配地位。

之所以提出 Web 3.0 的想法,是因为像谷歌、Facebook 和亚马逊这样的大型 IT 巨头,通过在网络空间中接管大部分用户数据,一方面利用这些信息为他们谋取利益(定向广告、销售用户'个人信息和引导舆论),另一方面,将大数据存储在用户的中心化服务器上​​,危害用户的数据安全。

在 2019 年发布的名为第三代网络的播客中,Gavin Wood 指出:

“社交网络不受其用户的重视;相反,人们的数据现在比以往任何时候都更重要。”

今天,硅谷的初创公司根据用户的数据收集来提高预算和资金。

伍德接着说:

“这些数据可以用于定向广告,但另一方面,这些信息也可以用于更好地了解世界机制等情况。有了这些数据,您可以预测世界各地的人们会如何思考;同时,您将能够更好地了解一个国家的政治变化。当然,有了这些信息,你甚至可以预测选举结果等事情。”

如果忽略 Web 3.0 会发生什么?现在有超过 40 亿人使用 Web 2.0 或当前版本的 Web。如果社区忽视 Web 3.0 并且仍然决心集中化,我们将面临持续腐败的风险,并最终导致社会的失败和疲惫。

权力带来腐败,绝对的权力为绝对的腐败埋下伏笔。我们已经在毛泽东时代的中国和共产主义的苏联看到了这种情况。互联网也不是没有腐败。互联网更加濒临灭绝,因为我们没有人从技术角度理解它。

例如,我几乎无法调整我的 Wi-Fi,更不用说理解允许我在互联网上写字的代码了。例如,我几乎无法调整我的 Wi-Fi,更不用说理解允许我在互联网上写字的代码了。我什至制造了我自己使用的计算机,但根据英国科学家 Arthur C. Clarke 的说法,这项技术仍然无法从魔法中识别出来。

第三代网络追求这些目标来对抗统治和集中:

  • 开放网络:加密货币由开源软件组成;以便开发人员可以访问代码并利用他们的经验来开发他们想要的最佳版本。币安智能链和经典以太坊等项目都使用了以太坊编程语言,这是一种开源软件。
  • 消除中介(不需要信任):对中介的信任总是具有腐败性。谷歌,当今最大的互联网中介,曾以“不作恶”为座右铭进入科技界,获得了用户的信任;但我们必须确保规章制度对我们有用,而不是对我们不利。当我们看到搜索一个词会为我们的每个朋友带来不同的结果时,我们就很难接受谷歌的这句座右铭。谷歌和亚马逊是我们目前的互联网黑手党。
  • 无需许可证:每个人都可以参与 Web 3.0。有了比特币,任何人都可以拥有自己的银行。使用以太坊,任何人都可以从其艺术品的权利中受益。代码就是这里的法律。该系统中的所有内容都通过民主程序被接受。社区成员投票赞成或反对的过程。这个过程创造了软分叉、硬分叉、去中心化自治组织(DAO)和治理

下面,我们将研究三个我们认为具有吸引力的投资选择的 Web 3.0 项目。

Polkadot和 Kusama

瑞士非营利性 Web 3.0 基金会支持的最重要的项目是 Polkadot。在不到一年的时间里,Polkadot 推出了 350 多个软件,通过平行链改造了区块链技术,并为推动区块链的多元化和极简主义做出了巨大努力。

必须承认,Polkadot 在这个领域是认真的,不应该被称为“以太坊杀手”;这个网络所要做的就是充当与项目和其他加密货币交互的工具。


Web 3.0 的最终目的是连接所有人,无论其社会地位、政治派别或意识形态信仰如何。Web 3.0 有足够的空间容纳各种态度。


任何最终想要在 Polkadot 上运行的项目都必须首先在 Kusama 上进行测试。Kusama 是 Polkadot 的预生产平台,是同类项目中的一个独特项目。加密货币的开发人员将能够在主网络上运行之前使用 Kusama 测试他们的应用程序。

海洋协议

数据收集永无止境。但是在这个领域有更多的道德方法,甚至允许技术巨头的存在。

Ocean Protocol 于 2017 年基于以太坊代码推出。消除中介、去中心化数据存储和人工智能共享服务是该网络的一些特点。

该项目希望在 Uniswap 货币兑换等数据领域发挥作用,并为所有个人和企业提供免费数据市场的访问权限。该项目的创建者 McConaghy 在去年接受 Coin Desk 采访时谈到了海洋协议的重要性:

“过去,很多人都试图根据数据创建市场;但隐私问题阻碍了他们的成功。Ocean 通过使用区块链技术来计算和分析数据,克服了这些障碍。所以我们的目标是通过创建数据市场和连接买家和卖家来打开数据经济。这些买家和卖家可以是个人、家庭、大小公司、城市甚至国家。

网络电脑

如果要提到一个在Web 3.0的目标和本质上处于该领域顶端的项目,就不得不提到互联网计算机。

今年早些时候,互联网计算机令牌能够达到市值排名前 10 位的加密货币。这个 Dfinity 基金会项目很快在投资者和计算机爱好者中流行起来。目前,Internet Computer 项目已经为用户提供了一个名为 LinkedUp 的去中心化 LinkedIn 社交网络和一个名为 CanCan 的 TickTock 社交网络版本。

但是,互联网计算机有几个需要注意的主要错误。Coin Bureau 的著名 YouTuber 节目中涵盖了其中一些内容,其中包括:

  • 您需要一个 ID 才能在此网络中操作。这个网络中几乎所有活动都依赖于拥有的身份。因此,如果您丢失了您的 ID,您的计算机互联网访问将永远被阻止。
  • 网络神经系统 (NNS) 连接所有互联网计算机协议。该系统是一个强大且集中的资源,可以改变 ICP 代币的金融和经济机制。
  • Internet Computer 中使用的大多数代码都不是开源的。另一方面,访问互联网计算机区块链需要许可证;因此,由于上述特性,NNS 是网络中的单点故障。
  • 互联网计算机协议的创建者多米尼克·威廉姆斯在 2018 年的一次采访中表示,该项目旨在遵守每个倾向于在该网络中运行的国家的法律。现在的问题是,对于一个声称被支配和去中心化的协议来说,这样的事情怎么可能发生?

据一些人说,Internet Computer 打算用更集中的版本取代当前的 Web 版本。因此可以得出结论,这个项目是 Web 3.0 的一个有缺陷的版本,加密货币社区的成员被它吸引只是因为价格波动。

在本文的后续部分,我们将回顾该网络的创建者关于 Internet 计算机功能的部分报告:

“随着新年的临近,全球有近 1000 个节点被这个网络用作数据库。每个节点都具有最高的性能和物理安全标准。这些节点使我们能够提供运行和实施互联网计算机所需的处理能力。”

上述声明暗示需要特定且经过认证的设备才能作为 ICP 节点运行;因此,这种控制和错误的过程实际上与 Web 3.0 的本质和目标相冲突。

结论

Web 3.0 为我们提供了两种选择:第一,通过权力下放的民主未来,第二,监督和威权主义,它只掌握在少数集中的派系手中。

要理解这种威权主义,我们不能只将中国视为数字人民币的供应商;但是,要了解幕后的本质,只要看到中共可以给你定一个时间,强迫你花这笔钱就够了。尽管这听起来很可怕,但中国人已经屈服了,因为他们别无选择。

正如 Gavin Wood 在他的声明中指出的那样,接受 Web 3.0 不会很快和容易。一些政府正试图取缔加密货币并用更集中的选项取而代之。

这种情况下的关键词是“努力”。政府无法纠正目前的情况,像加文伍德这样的人不信任他们中的任何一个。

Web 3.0 的竞争很激烈,这种对抗正在慢慢接近尾声。不过,这场比赛最终谁会赢还不得而知。


What is Web 3.0? How to invest in the next generation of the Internet?

The dominance of technology giants over the internet and the use of users’ data for unknown purposes has painted a bleak future. But amid this blurriness, the emerging idea of the great computer scientist Dr. Gavin Wood, Web 3.0, has revived hopes for a world without domination and control.

In the following article from the Yard Coach website, we discuss the place of Web 3.0 in the future of the internet and the importance of investing in this field.

Web 3.0 A tremendous change in the world of the internet

The current internet is considered a failure design; that’s why seven years ago, Dr. Gavin Wood, co-founder of Polkadot and co-founder of Ethereum, introduced the concept of Web 3.0.

Web 3.0 can be considered the next significant step in internet technology.

Gavin Wood envisioned the internet without intermediate and license governed by a democratic society, with no centralized regulatory legislation and the dominance of large technology giants over users’ data.

The idea of Web 3.0 was proposed because big IT giants like Google, Facebook, and Amazon, by taking over a large part of users’ data in cyberspace, on the one hand, use this information for their benefit (targeted advertising, selling users ‘personal information and directing public opinion) and on the other hand, endanger users’ data security by storing big data on their centralized servers.

In a podcast titled Third Generation Web, released in 2019, Gavin Wood points out that:

“Social networks are not valued by their users; rather, it is the data of the people that matters now more than ever.”

Today, Silicon Valley startups raise their budgets and fund based on users’ data collection.

Wood goes on to say:

“This data can be used for targeted advertising, but on the other hand, this information can also be used in cases such as a better understanding of the mechanism of the world. With this data, you can predict how people around the world will think; at the same time, you will be able to understand better the political changes in a country. Certainly, with such information, you can even predict things like election results.”

What happens if Web 3.0 is ignored?More than 4 billion people now use Web 2.0, or the current version of the Web. If the community ignores Web 3.0 and is still determined to be centralized, we run the risk of ongoing corruption and ultimately the failure and exhaustion of society.

Power brings corruption, and absolute power lays the groundwork for absolute corruption. We have already seen such situations in Maoist China and the communist Soviet Union. The internet is not free of corruption either. The internet is more endangered because none of us understand it from a technical point of view.

For example, I can barely adjust my Wi-Fi, let alone understand the code that allows me to write words on the internet. For example, I can barely adjust my Wi-Fi, let alone understand the code that allows me to write words on the internet. I even made the computer I use myself, but according to British scientist Arthur C. Clarke, the technology is still not recognizable from magic.

The third generation of the Web pursues these goals to combat domination and centralism:

  • Open network: cryptocurrencies are made of open source software; so that developers can access the code and use their experience to develop the optimal version they want. Projects such as Binance Smart Chain and Classic Ethereum have used the Ethereum programming language, which is open-source software.
  • Eliminate intermediaries (no trust required): Trust in intermediaries is always corruptive. Google, the largest internet intermediary today, once entered the technology world with the motto “Don’t be evil” and gained the trust of users; but we must make sure that the rules and regulations work for us and not against us. When we see that searching for a single word leads to different results for each of our friends, it becomes difficult to accept this motto of Google. Google and Amazon are our current internet mafia.
  • No license required: Everyone can participate in Web 3.0. With Bitcoin, anyone can have their bank. With Ethereum, anyone can benefit from the rights to their artwork. Codes are the law here. Everything in this system is accepted through a democratic process. A process in which members of the community vote in favor or against. This process is what has created Soft fork, Hard fork, Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO), and governance

In the following, we will look into three Web 3.0 projects that we consider to be attractive investment options.

Polkadot and Kusama

The most important project supported by the non-profit Web 3.0 Foundation in Switzerland is Polkadot. In less than a year, Polkadot has launched more than 350 software, transformed blockchain technology through parachains, and made great efforts to promote pluralism and maximalism in the blockchain.

It must be acknowledged that Polkadot is seriously involved in this field and should not be referred to as the “Ethereum killer”; all this network has to do is act as a tool for interacting with projects and other cryptocurrencies.


The ultimate purpose of Web 3.0 is to connect all people regardless of social status, political affiliation, or ideological beliefs. There is enough space for all kinds of attitudes on Web 3.0.


Any project that ultimately wants to run on Polkadot must first be tested on Kusama. Kusama is a pre-production platform for Polkadot and is a unique project of its kind. Developers of cryptocurrencies will be able to test their applications using Kusama before running them on the main network.

Ocean Protocol

Data collection never ends. But there are more ethical methods in this area that allow even the presence of technology giants.

Ocean Protocol was launched in 2017 based on Ethereum codes. Elimination of intermediaries, decentralized storage of data, and artificial intelligence sharing services are some of the features of this network.

This project wants to play a role in the field of data like Uniswap currency exchange and provide access to the free data market for all individuals and businesses. McConaghy, the project’s creator, said in an interview with Coin Desk last year about the importance of the Ocean Protocol:

“In the past, many people have tried to create markets based on data; but privacy issues have prevented their success. Ocean has overcome these obstacles by using blockchain technology to calculate and analyze data. So our goal is to open up the data economy by creating data markets and connecting buyers to sellers. These buyers and sellers can be individuals, families, small and large companies, cities, and even countries.

Internet Computer

If we want to refer to a project that is at the top of this field in the goals and essence of Web 3.0, we must mention the Internet Computer.

Earlier this year, the Internet Computer tokens were able to reach the top 10  cryptocurrencies in terms of market value. This Dfinity Foundation project soon became a popular name among investors and computer enthusiasts. Currently, the Internet Computer project has provided users with a decentralized LinkedIn social network called LinkedUp and a version of the TickTock social network called CanCan.

However, the Internet Computer has several major bugs that need to be noticed. Some of these are covered in Coin Bureau’s show who is a famous YouTuber, which includes:

  • You need an ID to operate in this network. An identity that practically all activities in this network depend on having. So if you lose your ID, your computer internet access will be blocked forever.
  • Network Neural System (NNS) connects all Internet Computer protocols. This system is a powerful and centralized source that can make changes to the financial and economic mechanism of the ICP token.
  • Most of the codes used in Internet Computer are not open source. On the other hand, access to Internet Computer blockchain needs a license; therefore, NNS is a single point of failure in the network due to the mentioned features.
  • In an interview in 2018, Dominic Williams, the creator of the Internet Computer protocol, said that the project aims to comply with the laws of each country that tends to operate in this network. The question now is how such a thing would be possible for a protocol that claims to be dominated and decentralized?

According to some, the Internet Computer intends to replace the current version of the Web with a more centralized version. So it can be concluded that this project is a defective version of Web 3.0 and members of the cryptocurrency community have been attracted to it only because of price fluctuations.

In the continuation of this article, we will review a part of the report of the creators of this network regarding the features of Internet Computer:

“As the new year approaches, nearly 1,000 nodes around the world are being operated as databases by this network. Each node has the highest standards of performance and physical security. These nodes allow us to provide the processing capacity needed to run and implement the Internet Computer.”

The above statement implies that specific and certified devices are required to operate as ICP nodes; therefore, such a controlling and incorrect process is practically in conflict with the essence and goals of Web 3.0.

Conclusion

Web 3.0 offers us two options: first, a democratic future through decentralization, and second, oversight and authoritarianism, which is in the hands of only a few centralized factions.

To understand this authoritarianism, we must not look only at China as a supplier of digital yuan; but, to understand the nature behind the scenes, it suffices to note that the Chinese Communist Party can set a time for you and force you to spend this money. As horrible as this may sound, the Chinese people have given in to it because they have no other choice.

As Gavin Wood points out in his statements, acceptance of Web 3.0 won’t be quick and easy. Some governments are trying to outlaw cryptocurrencies and replace them with more centralized options.

The keyword in this situation is “effort”. Governments have not been able to rectify the current situation, and people like Gavin Wood do not trust any of them.

There is difficult competition in Web 3.0, and this confrontation is slowly coming to an end. However, it is not clear who will win this match in the end.

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